Citrine is a sister stone to the Amethyst a part of the quartz family of gemstones. It occurs in lemon yellow to medeira colors.
The importance of citrine is that the tone is quite inexpensive, yet makes very impressive looking jewelry items when set with a minimal amount of side diamonds as accent stones.
As with the amethyst, citrines should be virtually free of inclusions with only a minimum amount of inclusions causing the stone to be significantly less in price. And again, since citrine occurs in large, well formed crystals it is fairly easy to cut with excellent proportions and fine products.
The important point about citrine is its ability to withstand a great deal of wear without showing nicks and abrasions. Anyone wishing to own a jewelry item that can be worn for virtually any occasion should consider a citrine.
Although the darker, orange colors of citrine, sometimes called Madeira citrine after the color of the wine, has generally been the most valued color, in modern times, many people prefer the bright lemony shades which mix better with pastel colors.
Citrine is generally more inexpensive than amethyst and is also available in a wide range of calibrated sizes and shapes, including very large sizes.
Most citrine is mined in Brazil. Supply of citrine is good from the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul, particularly from the Serra mine, which is producing 300 kilos a month of hammered goods. The Ira’ mine produces an additional 100 kilos a month of hammered goods.
Sometimes you will hear citrine referred to as topaz quartz, which is incorrect. This name was used in the past in reference to the color, which is sometimes similar to the color of topaz. Since topaz is a separate mineral, this type of name can be confusing and should not be used. However, citrine is considered an alternative to topaz as the birthstone for November
Ancient Legends of Citrine: Considered the stone of lightheartedness, it is said to add cheerfulness and hope to an unpleasant situation.
Ancient people felt this stone had a cleansing aspect to it, a powerful sedative and relaxant to the body. Because of this Citrine was thought to bridge the gaps between mental, emotional and intuitive feelings, thus uniting the personality.
Later people carried Citrine as a protective talisman. Citrine was carried as a protection against snake venom and evil thoughts. It was considered an aid to digestion and was said to eliminate toxins from the body. Those who wore it were blessed with a clear complexion, radiant skin and a happy disposition.